Oxidative Stress Antioxidants And Stress Tolerance PdfBy Faye C. In and pdf 18.05.2021 at 07:50 3 min read
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Recent insights into the double role of hydrogen peroxide in plants View all 20 Articles. Plants are constantly challenged by various abiotic stresses that negatively affect growth and productivity worldwide.
- Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance
- The Roles of Environmental Factors in Regulation of Oxidative Stress in Plant
- Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Damage in Plants Under Stress
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Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance
Climatic changes can cause serious reductions in yield and crop quality. Under the threat of climatic changes, one of the precautions to cope is selection and development of resistant vegetable genotypes to abiotic stresses. Several physiological and biochemical reactions and different tolerance levels can occur according to plant species. When plants are subjected to environmental stresses such as salinity, drought, temperature extremes, herbicide treatment and mineral deficiency, the balance between the production of reactive oxygen species ROS and the quenching activity of antioxidants is upset, often resulting in oxidative damage. Since activated oxygen species can disrupt normal metabolism through oxidative damage to lipids, protein and nucleic acids, plants possess a number of antioxidant enzymes that protect them from these cytotoxic effects. To control the level of ROS and to protect cells under stress conditions, plant tissues contain several enzymes for scavenging ROS. The high levels of antioxidative enzyme activities were determined in the tolerant genotypes of tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, cucumbers, melons, squash, beans, okra, etc.
Exposure to a variety of environmental factors such as salinity, drought, metal toxicity, extreme temperature, air pollutants, ultraviolet-B UV-B radiation, pesticides, and pathogen infection leads to subject oxidative stress in plants, which in turn affects multiple biological processes via reactive oxygen species ROS generation. ROS include hydroxyl radicals, singlet oxygen, and hydrogen peroxide in the plant cells and activates signaling pathways leading to some changes of physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms in cellular metabolism. Excessive ROS, however, cause oxidative stress, a state of imbalance between the production of ROS and the neutralization of free radicals by antioxidants, resulting in damage of cellular components including lipids, nucleic acids, metabolites, and proteins, which finally leads to the death of cells in plants. Thus, maintaining a physiological level of ROS is crucial for aerobic organisms, which relies on the combined operation of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants. In this review, recent findings on the metabolism of ROS as well as the antioxidative defense machinery are briefly updated. The latest findings on differential regulation of antioxidants at multiple levels under adverse environment are also discussed here.
The Roles of Environmental Factors in Regulation of Oxidative Stress in Plant
Progress in Botany pp Cite as. Salt stress can induce ionic stress and osmotic stress in plant cells. A direct result of these primary effects is the enhanced accumulation of reactive oxygen species ROS that are harmful to plant cells at high concentrations. To cope with the oxidative stress resulting from the ROS, higher plants have developed a complex scavenging system including enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants system. In plant cells, specific ROS producing and scavenging systems are found in different organelles such as chloroplasts, mitochondria, and peroxisomes; and the ROS-scavenging pathways from different cellular compartments are coordinated.
Abiotic stress. Antioxidants. Plant-pathogen interactions. Programmed cell death. Reactive oxygen intermidiates. Signal transduction. Reactive oxygen.
Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Damage in Plants Under Stress
Mechanisms of abiotic stress responses and tolerance in plants: physiological, biochemical and molecular interventions View all Articles. Salinity negatively affects plant growth and causes significant crop yield losses world-wide. Maize is an economically important cereal crop affected by high salinity.
This book provides detailed and comprehensive information on oxidative damage caused by stresses in plants with especial reference to the metabolism of reactive oxygen species ROS.
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