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- Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World: A Global Ecological History
- Journal of Latin American Geography
- Cushman, 'Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World,' Roundtable Review, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2016)
Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World: A Global Ecological History
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Cushman Published History. List of illustrations Preface Abbreviations and acronyms Prologue 1. Introduction 2. The guano age 3.
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He suggests that the Black Death, the African Slave Trade, the Second World War and the harvesting of bird excrement deposits from islands in the Pacific oceans were of equal importance in world history. The opening pages foreshadow this impressively vast book, which follows guano through time and space and intertwines environmental, social, intellectual, economic and climate histories with the history of colonialism, science, migration and global development. As if these topics were not ambitious enough, Cushman also traces the influence of technocratic governance and neo-Malthusianism at both the national Peruvian and global scales. The book introduces numerous individuals, from explorers, scientific experts, technocrats and colonial administrators through to the workers who mined the guano, nitrates and phosphates and members of the island nations displaced by the mining. All round, this is one of the most impressive books published in the emerging field of global environmental history.
Journal of Latin American Geography
Cambridge University Press, New York ,. Studies in Environment and History. Gregory T. Cushman casts this once little-known. Cushman's Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World moves skillfully from the largest scale of global history to smaller spatial.
Cushman, Gregory T. Export to RefWorks. Full text via Cambridge University Press. Title from publisher's bibliographic system viewed on 05 Oct For centuries, bird guano has played a pivotal role in the agricultural and economic development of Latin America, East Asia and Oceania. As their populations ballooned during the Industrial Revolution, North American and European powers came to depend on this unique resource as well, helping them meet their ever-increasing farming needs.
Guano Spanish from Quechua : wanu is the accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats. As a manure , guano is a highly effective fertilizer due to its exceptionally high content of nitrogen , phosphate , and potassium : key nutrients essential for plant growth. Guano was also, to a lesser extent, sought for the production of gunpowder and other explosive materials. The 19th-century guano trade played a pivotal role in the development of modern input-intensive farming, but its demand began to decline after the discovery of the Haber—Bosch process of nitrogen fixing led to the production of synthetic fertilizers. The demand for guano spurred the human colonization of remote bird islands in many parts of the world, resulting in some of the first examples of U. The guano mining process resulted in ecological degradation through the loss of millions of seabirds.
PDF | On Jan 1, , Gregory Knapp published Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World: A Global Ecological History, Gregory T. Cushman. Cambridge.
Cushman, 'Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World,' Roundtable Review, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2016)
Cushman W. Gregory T. New York: Cambridge University Press,
David Igler, G regory T. C ushman. Gregory T. Cushman's Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World moves skillfully from the largest scale of global history to smaller spatial scales, including the transnational, oceanic, regional, and local. And then Cushman moves in even closer to the scale of bird excrement, all the while keeping his attention on the connections between those valuable droppings and more common human and ecological issues.
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