Different Types Of Protocols And Their Functions Pdf


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09.05.2021 at 15:12
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different types of protocols and their functions pdf

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In the era of Computer and Mobile technologies, computer network technology is growing at a very fast speed and frequency.

A network protocol is an established set of rules that determine how data is transmitted between different devices in the same network. Essentially, it allows connected devices to communicate with each other, regardless of any differences in their internal processes, structure or design. Network protocols are the reason you can easily communicate with people all over the world, and thus play a critical role in modern digital communications.

How do Common Networking Protocols Function

The functions of protocols are quite essential in the process of Networking. There are a number of protocols which exist and are used for various purposes. In fact, each of the protocol has been developed keeping in mind a particular situation or problem. Sometimes more than one protocols work together to achieve their task. However, just an overview of these protocols is not necessary to manage the process of networking.

Types of Internet Protocols

It is the foundation of any data exchange on the Web and it is a client-server protocol, which means requests are initiated by the recipient, usually the Web browser. A complete document is reconstructed from the different sub-documents fetched, for instance text, layout description, images, videos, scripts, and more. Clients and servers communicate by exchanging individual messages as opposed to a stream of data. The messages sent by the client, usually a Web browser, are called requests and the messages sent by the server as an answer are called responses. Designed in the early s, HTTP is an extensible protocol which has evolved over time. It is an application layer protocol that is sent over TCP , or over a TLS -encrypted TCP connection, though any reliable transport protocol could theoretically be used. Due to its extensibility, it is used to not only fetch hypertext documents, but also images and videos or to post content to servers, like with HTML form results.


Types of Protocols. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) Internet Protocol (IP) User Datagram Protocol (UDP) Post office Protocol (POP) Simple mail transport Protocol (SMTP) File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS).


Communication protocol

A communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity. The protocol defines the rules, syntax , semantics and synchronization of communication and possible error recovery methods. Protocols may be implemented by hardware , software , or a combination of both. Communicating systems use well-defined formats for exchanging various messages. Each message has an exact meaning intended to elicit a response from a range of possible responses pre-determined for that particular situation.

A protocol is a set of rules that governs the communications between computers on a network. In order for two computers to talk to each other, they must be speaking the same language. Many different types of network protocols and standards are required to ensure that your computer no matter which operating system, network card, or application you are using can communicate with another computer located on the next desk or half-way around the world. The complexity of these layers is beyond the scope of this tutorial; however, they can be simplified into four layers to help identify some of the protocols with which you should be familiar see fig 1. Figure 1 illustrates how some of the major protocols would correlate to the OSI model in order to communicate via the Internet.

When we think of the Internet we often think only of the World Wide Web. The Web is one of several ways to retrieve information from the Internet. These different types of Internet connections are known as protocols.

Types of Network Protocols and Their Uses

Table of contents

Метрах в пятистах сзади в снопе искр на шоссе выкатило такси. Набирая скорость, оно столкнуло в сторону Пежо-504, отбросив его на газон разделительной полосы. Беккер миновал указатель Центр Севильи - 2 км. Если бы ему удалось затеряться в центральной части города, у него был бы шанс спастись. Спидометр показывал 60 миль в час. До поворота еще минуты две.

У нее свело желудок. - Останься со. В ее сознании замелькали страшные образы: светло-зеленые глаза Дэвида, закрывающиеся в последний раз; тело Грега Хейла, его сочащаяся кровь на ковре; обгорелый труп Фила Чатрукьяна на лопастях генератора. - Боль пройдет, - внушал Стратмор.  - Ты полюбишь. Сьюзан не слышала ни единого слова. - Останься со мной, - увещевал ее голос.

 Этот тарантас когда-нибудь остановится. - Еще пять миль. - Куда мы едем. Парень расплылся в широкой улыбке.

 - Она невинно захлопала ресницами.  - Я имела в виду Кармен.  - Это имя она произнесла с нарочитым пуэрто-риканским акцентом. - Кого? - спросил он чуть осипшим голосом. - Кармен.

И в тот же миг осознала свою ошибку. Она ощутила запах Хейла, но повернулась слишком поздно. И тут же забилась, задыхаясь от удушья. Ее снова сжали уже знакомые ей стальные руки, а ее голова была намертво прижата к груди Хейла.

5 Comments

Ariadne C.
10.05.2021 at 13:06 - Reply

The seven OSI layers use various forms of control information to communicate with their their technical functions, or origin of the protocol introduction, or both. A protocol may rethinkingafricancollections.org Clarifications and.

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This tutorial explains types of network protocols and their functions in details.

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