Causes And Effects Of Flooding Pdf


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10.05.2021 at 21:43
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causes and effects of flooding pdf

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Urban flooding has become a major problem in many parts of the world due to its social, economic and environmental impact. Drawing on a comprehensive literature review, combined with individual co-author in-depth experience in research and practice in Ghana, we searched academic database such as SCOPUS, Web of Science, Springer, Taylor and Francis, Science Direct and Google scholar for recent studies. One of the most threatening disasters confronting the world is flooding.

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Flash floods are among the most severe natural hazards that cause disastrous environmental and human impacts. The city of Gabes Southern Tunisia is prone to harmful flooding, because of its location on a low plane and its extremely erratic rainfall distribution. Flood risk associated with this is expected to increase further in the coming years due to the high rate of urbanization and an ever growing population. A particular interest is given to a major flooding event, which is the single event that hit the region in the summer season over the last century.

How does flooding affect humans and the environment?

A flood is a body of water that covers land which is normally dry. Floods are common natural disasters that can affect millions of people around the world. They destroy houses and buildings, and carry soil away from valuable farming land. Floods can also contaminate drinking water and lead to diseases. They are often caused by rivers , but overflowing lakes and seas can also cause flooding.

Causes, impacts and coping strategies of floods in Ghana: a systematic review

A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry. Floods are an area of study of the discipline hydrology and are of significant concern in agriculture , civil engineering and public health. Human changes to the environment often increase the intensity and frequency of flooding, for example land use changes such as deforestation and removal of wetlands , changes in waterway course such as with levees , and larger environmental issues such as climate change and sea level rise. Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river , lake , or ocean, in which the water overtops or breaks levees , resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries, [2] or it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater on saturated ground in an areal flood. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, these changes in size are unlikely to be considered significant unless they flood property or drown domestic animals. Floods can also occur in rivers when the flow rate exceeds the capacity of the river channel , particularly at bends or meanders in the waterway.

Floods impact on both individuals and communities, and have social, economic, and environmental consequences. The consequences of floods, both negative and positive, vary greatly depending on the location and extent of flooding, and the vulnerability and value of the natural and constructed environments they affect. The consequences of floods, both negative and positive, vary greatly depending on their location, duration, depth and speed, as well as the vulnerability and value of the affected natural and constructed environments. Floods impact both individuals and communities, and have social, economic, and environmental consequences Table 1. As most people are well aware, the immediate impacts of flooding include loss of human life, damage to property, destruction of crops, loss of livestock, and deterioration of health conditions owing to waterborne diseases. As communication links and infrastructure such as power plants, roads and bridges are damaged and disrupted, some economic activities may come to a standstill, people are forced to leave their homes and normal life is disrupted. Similarly, disruption to industry can lead to loss of livelihoods.


Download a PDF version of the guide you can reference later. In this section, we'll cover the basic causes and effects of flooding to help you better understand​.


Flooding 101

Flooding is experienced all over the globe and for a variety of reasons — but why exactly does flooding occur? There are several human causes of flooding, including poorly designed infrastructure. There are also natural reasons flooding happens.

Believe it or not, flooding is the deadliest type of severe weather. Use the buttons below to jump to the flood facts you care about the most, or read the entire Flooding guide to become an expert! Flood Facts. Worst Floods. Download a PDF version of the guide you can reference later.

English Online

We apologize for the inconvenience...

 Нет. - Может быть, сказала, куда идет. - Нет.

 - Стратмор положил трубку. Сьюзан стояла, завернувшись в мохнатое полотенце, не замечая, что вода капает на аккуратно сложенные веши, приготовленные накануне: шорты, свитер - на случай прохладных вечеров в горах, - новую ночную рубашку. Расстроенная, она подошла к шкафу, чтобы достать чистую блузку и юбку.

Это ей снится. Трудно было даже пошевельнуться: события вчерашнего дня вычерпали все ее силы без остатка. - Дэвид… - тихо простонала .

 На руке умершего было золотое кольцо. Я хочу его забрать. - У м-меня его. Беккер покровительственно улыбнулся и перевел взгляд на дверь в ванную.

Если он примет на работу калеку, его компания потеряет лицо. Он выкинул его автобиографию в мусорную корзину, даже не прочитав. Нуматака в очередной раз посмотрел на часы.

Взглянув на Следопыта, она нахмурилась. - Ну давай же, - пробормотала.  - У тебя было много времени. Сьюзан положила руку на мышку и вывела окно состояния Следопыта.

А еще считаюсь лингвистом.

5 Comments

Teodelina C.
11.05.2021 at 07:31 - Reply

effects on people and the environment. Put simply A flood is caused by a combination of heavy rainfall causing river / oceans to over flow their banks, and can.

Marsilius A.
11.05.2021 at 11:49 - Reply

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Kate F.
13.05.2021 at 20:40 - Reply

PDF | Recent floods and consequences all over the world are becoming too frequent and threat to sustainable development in human settlements. The | Find.

Keith B.
16.05.2021 at 08:01 - Reply

Flooding of areas used for socio-economic activities produces a variety of negative impacts.

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18.05.2021 at 11:14 - Reply

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